GURKHA / GORKHA REGIMENTS
TITLES, BADGES, BATTLE HONOURS.
Over the past + 200 years the titles of the Gurkha/Gorkha Regiments (GR) has changed, they are listed on the left side below with Date & Regimental title. Similarly the Regimental Badges/Insignia changed too and here only includes the badges from pre 1947 when the regiments were a part of the British Indian Army.
Regiments raised after 1947, i.e. Signals, Engineers, Logistics their badges are based on those used when raised but include the latest change in 2001 or earlier (1977). The images of the Titles, Badge and Battle Honours are from Britain´s Gurkhas (2009) by Brigadier Christopher Bullock and the other images from SirKukri if nothing else is mentioned.
As you will see various spellings of "Gurkha" is used, it was only in 1891 that "Gurkha" was adopted as the official spelling to be used.
The numbering system of the Gurkha units started in 1861 based on the Regiments loyalty during the Indian Mutiny, with only 12 of 74 regular regiments of the Bengal Native Infantry not mutining.
Following India´s Independence on 15 August 1947 the Gurkha regiments were divided between Great Britain and India.
1 GR - 3 GR - 4 GR - 5 GR -8 GR - 9 GR stayed with the Republic of India.
2 GR - 6 GR - 7 GR - 10 GR went with Great Britain (United Kingdom).
In 1950 the Indian Army adopted "Gorkha" as a official spelling for their regiments.
In 1994 the 2 GR - 6 GR - 7 GR - 10 GR amalgamated to form the Royal Gurkha Rifles (RGR).
It has always fascinated me that the Kukri/Khukuri is used in the Regimental Badge/Insignia of all various Gurkha/Gorkha units, a natural symbol of the Gurkha/Gorkha soldier and regiment.
Jai Gurkha/Gorkha & Jai Khukuri/Kukri!!!
Image: 2/4 GR, 1931.
Soldiers of the 3rd (Kumaon) Goorkha Regiment, ca. 1875.
Image: 11 GR website
Amalgamation of 2 GR, 6 GR, 7 GR & 10 GR.
Raised: 1994 in Hong Kong.
Regimental Center: Shorncliffe, UK.
1 RGR in the UK became a Light Role Battalion, part of the 16 Air Assault Brigade in 2015 and started to use the maroon beret of Airbourne units.
2 RGR is permanently based in Brunei with a Jungle role Battalion (left image has the patch of the British Gurkha Force in Brunei.
Raised: 1835 called Cachar Levy.
A Para-military unit of the Indian Army.
1883 Assam Frontier Police.
1891 Assam Military Police.
1913 Eastern Bengal and Assam Military Police.
1917 Assam Rifles.
Since 1815 when the first Gurkha units were raised, till now in 2020 many companies, battalions and regiments have been raised and disbanded, which included Gurkha men, often for a campaign or mission.
Pre 1947 several Regiments had Gurkha battalions, for example the Jammu & Kashmir Rifles, Eastern Frontier Rifles and others. Gurkhas also served in various State Forces of the many Maharajas.
In Burma, the Burma Military Police along with other regiments recruited Gurkhas as well.
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