Kukri History

KUKRI HISTORY & HERITAGE.


WITH OVER 50 PAGES ON THE KUKRI / KHUKURI KNIFE, THE PAGES HERE HAS EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ON THE GURKHA KNIFE. ARTICLES FROM LEADING RESEARCHERS, INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIA, OUR OWN RESEARCH TO THE WORK OF WELL ESTABLISHED EXPERTS.

PROBABLY THE LARGEST RESOURCE CENTER ON THE INTERNET! 

NAMASTE.

19th C Kukri knives
19th C Kukri knives
late 19th early 20th C Kukri
late 19th early 20th C Kukri
Gurkha WW2 Italy US soldier cigar
Gurkha WW2 Italy US soldier cigar
maharajah Bhim SJB Rana
maharajah Bhim SJB Rana
Jetho Buda Sardar Bhakti Thapa
Jetho Buda Sardar Bhakti Thapa
Kukri Wheel 19th c Nepal
Kukri Wheel 19th c Nepal
WW1 era recruit to soldier
WW1 era recruit to soldier
indian gorkha rifles
indian gorkha rifles

LAST UPDATED ON: JUNE 28, 2020. 

The history and heritage of the Kukri/Khukuri/Khukri is rich, varied and fascinating. We have here complied some of the best articles, blog posts, forum posts and/or other material by several authors, researchers, collectors, users and our own research. Each "tab" / post has been choosen due to the quality of information, the knowledge the article/material has added to our collective knowledge of this legendary knife, the collection encompasses perhaps some of the best written material on our beloved Kukri knife. 


 1. Leading Research Articles:

  Dr. B. Judkins - Identifying and Collecting the Nepalese Military Kukri.

&

Mr. J. Sedwell - The 20th Century British Military Gurkha Issue Kukri.


cover the more known Kukri styles of the Nepalese, Indian and British Armies over the 19th and 20th Century. Their articles form a strong base of what we currently know! 


 2. SirKukri,

has since 2013 been active as a researcher and blogger and added a vast amount of information surrounding the Kukri, the Gurkhas and Nepal, based on many years of research in archives, libraries, on the ground in the Himalayas and around the world, following the Gurkha heritage adn trail. 


 3. Articles & Research:

Ron Flook´s section on the Kukri knife from his book "British & Commonwealth Military Knives", a essential work in the development of Kukri/Khukuri knives history. 

Chuck Karwan´s The Gurkha Kukri.

Lord Egerton of Tatton´s Indian and Oriental Arms and Armour

and

Philip Rawson´s The Indian Sword


Essential works on Kukri research and documentation of how knowledge has developed. 


4. The John Powell files,

one of the most known Kukri collectors and researchers of recent times, very active in the 1990´s and early 2000´s laid a foundation for the future. Worked on a KUKRI book, which the rough draft is given here and his collection of amazing Kukri knives in the Gallery pages.


5. Military History, 

explores the martial heritage of Nepal, the Gorkhali / Gorkhas and Gurkhas in nine (9) articles from regimental titles and battle honours to the pre-Gorkhali invasion soceity.


6. The National Museum of Nepal,

until now not often seen, the largest collection of historical Kukri/Khukuri knives in Nepal is explored in five pages with images and text. 



The material presented in these pages form a strong and vast collection of the collective knowledge we have on the Kukri today. Each author deserves a "Salam" a Salute of Honour and Respect! 


There is also a small collection of videos as you scroll down. 


20th Century BRITISH & INDIAN ARMY KUKRI KNIVES:


Article: The 20th Century British Military Gurkha Issue Kukri. Including Official Pattern approved, unit &  

            unknown issue types.


PART:          NAME:                             TIME FRAME / ERA 


1.             MARK (MK) 1.                      1903-1915  (WW1)

2.             MARK (MK) 2.                      1915-1944  (WW1-WW2)

3.             MARK (MK) 3.                      1944-1960s (WW2-1960s)

4.             MARK (MK) 4.                      1950s 

5.             MARK (MK) 5.                      1960-1990s (POST WW2 -MODERN)


6.             REGIMENTAL/BATTALION.     WW1-WW2

7.             OTHER OFFICIAL PATTERN.   WW1-WW2



Article: The British Army Kukri: An artifact of western orientalism or the 20th century’s greatest combat knife?


1. Collecting the Military Kukri.

2. A Brief Social History of the Kukri.



Article: Mythology of the Kukri: Sign and Symbol.


1. Introduction: The Symbolic Language of Weapons.

2. The Mythic Origin on the Kukri.

3. Kukri as the Key to the “Three Worlds and the Four Directions.”

Articles & Research:


Ron Flook´s  "British & Commonwealth Military Knives",

 

Chuck Karwan´s The Gurkha Kukri.


Lord Egerton of Tatton´s Indian and Oriental Arms and Armour


Philip Rawson´s The Indian Sword

The JOHN POWELL files;


The Gurkha Kukri.            Intro.

                                      1. The Kukri.

                                      2. Traditional Kukri.

                                      3. Kothimora

                                      4. Military Kukri

                                                4 A. WW 1

                                                4 B. WW 2

                                                4 C. Post WW 2

                                      5. Grips & Gods

                                                5 A. Garuda Grips

JP Kukri Gallery.

                         - JP Gallery 2

Kothimoras.



MILITARY HISTORY  - Intro.


Gurkhas of the British Army.                          Gorkhas of the Indian Army.


Globetrotting Gurkhas.                                  Titles, Badges & Battle Honours.


Flags, Symbols and Coat of Arms.                  Notes on the Gorkhali (Nepalese) Army.


The Mallas of the Valley.                                The Khas Kingdoms


The National Museum of Nepal -


The Making of Nepal (mid 16th to 18th century).


The Gorkha Kingdom (18th & 19th century).


Anglo - Gorkha War (19th century).


Thapa & Rana Era (19th century).


Shumsher Rana Brothers (late 19th - early 20th century).

Further reading & Information:

The Gurkhas. 200 years of Service to the Crown. 

(preview)


Maj-Gen. J.C. Lawrence.

2015

Gurkha Soldier as an Intercultural Moment on the European Battlefields of the Great War. 


Frank Jacob.

2015

A Special Corps. 


A.P. Coleman.


1999

Gurkhas: Re-assessing the performance of imperial soldiers in the Second World War.


Sanju Gurung.  

Our Gurkhas.


Zakira Zainal.


2012

From Pokhara to Kandahar: The Two Hundred Year Journey of the Force That Made Nepal Famous.


Elijah Wohl.

2013

The Gurkha Rifles.


J.B. R. Nicholson.


1974

The Book of the Sword. 


Richard F. Burton.


1884

Notes on Goorkhas.


Capt. E. Vansittart.


1890

British Gurkhas Nepal -Pre arrival pack - Booklet 1.

Nepal & the Gurkhas. 


2009


For current discussions and talks on the Kukri knife we recommend on facebook:


Khukuri Old and New Discussion Group.                                                                                    International Kukri Research & Historical Soceity. 

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