Kukri History & Heritage
Nepal Khukuri Gallery
4. THE THAPA & RANA ERA.
Early to late 19th century.
Rana Maharajas & Generals, mid 19th to mid 20th century.
Image: Heritage Knives.
1811- assumes the title of General as the first Nepalese person, a title he gives himself.
1814-1816, C-in-C. of the Nepalese troops during the Anglo-Gorkha War but does not enter the battlefield.
He was the virtual ruler of Nepal till 1837 and the highest ranking official under the King. More known as a politician then warrior. Laid base for the Rana dynasty.
1839- died in jail.
Bhimsen Thapa, Mukhtiyar.
Born 1774 – d. 1839.
Son of Sano Kaji Amar Singh Thapa and brother of Nain Singh Thapa.
Joined the military as a teenager.
1798- became Bodyguard to King Rana Bahadur Shah.
1800- follows ex-King Rana Bahadur (his borther in law) to exile in Varanasi serving as head of the Bodyguard unit and as military secretary.
1804- returned with the former king and appointed Kaji.
1806- Appointed Mukthiyar in 1806 when the Regent, exking Rana Bahadur was assassinated.
Due to a power vaccum in the Nepalese court Bhimsen was able to grow quickly in power.
Enforces earlier expansionist policies pushing Nepals (undefined) borders to the Teesta river in the east (bordering Sikkim) and the river Sutlej (in current Himachal Pradesh) which naturally leads to war eventually.
1809 - War with the Sikh Empire.